Burkina Faso or the Republic of Burkina Faso is a landlocked west African country at the north of Ghana. Burkina Faso also borders the republic of Ivory Coast to the southwest, the Republic of Benin to the southeast, the Republic of Mali to the north and the republic of Togo to the south.
Burkina Faso has a total land area of about 274,200 squared kilometers and a total population of about 17 million people with the population growth rate around 3.1%. About 30% of the total population live in urban areas. Ouagadougou the capital of Burkina Faso contains about 2 million people. About 50% of the total population of Burkina Faso are Muslims, about 10% are Christians. Burkina Faso is a diverse community with several ethnic groups including the Mossi (about 50% of the total population are Mossi people).
Burkina Faso just like its neighboring countries is blessed with abundant natural resources such as gold, phosphates, manganese, limestone, marble, etc. Despite the abundant natural resources, Burkina Faso remains one of the poorest countries on earth with about 50-65% of the total population unemployed. About 80% of the total population live below poverty line. In other words, the majority of people in Burkina Faso today live on less than $1.25 a day.
Burkina Faso has HIV/AIDS adults prevalence rate of about 1.3%. About 8000 people die from HIV/AIDS in Burkina Faso every year. Other diseases such as malaria and yellow fever have high prevalence rates in this part of the world.
Droughts and desertification have severe effects in these parts of the world severely affecting agricultural activities. Other factors such as overgrazing of farming animals, soil degradation, deforestation and over population in some areas also affect agricultural activities in Burkina Faso leaving many in absolute poverty. Poverty is worse in the rural areas where majority of the population live.
Burkina Faso has the lowest literacy rate in the world. Burkina Faso has a literacy rate of about 20% which means only about 20% of the total population above age 15 can read and write in the Burkina Faso which is very bad. The worst literacy rate also explains the high teenage pregnancy and high HIV/AIDS rates in Burkina Faso today.
Lack of Good drinking water and water for domestic purposes is another major problem in Burkina Faso today. Water is very scarce in Burkina Faso due to the recurring droughts and desertification in this part of the world. Women and children walk miles upon miles just to fetch water sometimes with heavy loads on their heads.
Corruption level remains at all time high in Burkina Faso today. Government officials receive pay increase every now and then while children of school-going age remain at home and even those who go to school get no books to read, no food to eat, etc. which is very sad.