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The Education System of Pakistan


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PNaveed Naseer ak
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Why we need an education system?


Education is the basic necessity for a human being to understand the matters in all fields of life and to solve problems from basic to complex. Without education a sensible person cannot survive and it is as significant as food is to body.

It is wealth and power for a person, which can be easily used by person whenever and wherever it requires. As the saying goes; knowledge is power.
It is more important for one’s life.It helps a person to groom and to adjust on a respectable position in society.

It is one important policy that a state must promote, as education is the only means to understand its history,culture and to some extent their religion. Education is the only means to unite a country and people as a nation.

Present system of education in Pakistan


The education system of Pakistan consists of junior to higher education. The duration of compulsory education is from age5 to 15.

Structure of school system:

Primary
Type of school providing this education: Primary School
Length of program in years: 5
Age level from: 5 to 10

Middle
Type of school providing this education: Middle School
Length of program in years: 3
Age level from: 10 to: 13

Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Secondary School
Length of program in years: 2
Age level from: 13 to: 15

Certificate/diploma awarded: Secondary School Certificate or Matriculation
Secondary education is divided into three cycles. Students are given certificates after they pass Secondary or Matriculation Examination.They may then study for specializing in Science or Arts. After that, they take the examinations for the Intermediate Certificate or Higher Secondary School Certificate.

Technical Secondary
Type of school providing this education: Technical Secondary School
Length of program in years: 2
Age level from: 15 to: 17

Certificate/diploma awarded: Secondary School Certificate (in TechnicalSubjects)

Higher Secondary
Type of school providing this education:Intermediate Colleges
Length of program in years: 2
Age level from: 15 to: 17

Certificate/diploma awarded: Intermediate Certificate Or Higher Secondary School
Certificate.

Higher Education
Universities and professional universities provide higher education. Universities are autonomous organizations founded by the central or provincial parliament. The senate, the syndicate and the academic council are the main university bodies responsible for matters concerning studies. The University Grants Commission serves as a clearing house for development schemes of the universities; provides support to centers of excellence, area study centers and Pakistan study centers; supports research fellowships and r esearch programs; and organizes pre-service and in-service training of university teachers.


Ways to improve the system
Currently, there exist many obstacles on the road to a smoothly functioning system. These include political interference, corruption, over-centralization,a lack of school autonomy, underdeveloped managerial capacity and poor information systems.

Initial step is the decentralization of decision-making, which means government should develop partnerships with NGOs and the private sector to hand over responsibility effectively to achieve universal primary education. It can improve education administration.

A second step which is necessary for improving the system is greater independence for the schools because schools do not have control over issues like curriculum, teacher appointment, discipline, and evaluation. There are virtually no opportunities for local staff development programs or resource mobilization.

A third important reform is providing better support to, supervision of, and coordination of the school system at the district and provincial level. By making the district the key level for planning and management, state-level and central education bodies can focus more on policy-making, resource management and regulation.

One way to do this is by promoting good principals and teachers at the school level to enhance the institutional capacity of district level organizations. The lack of sufficient manpower is the most serious problem at the district and sub-district level.
A fourth necessary reform is to encourage decision-making based on educational, not political, considerations. At present, politicians hand out teaching jobs as patronage appointments. Federal and provincial funds provided for education sometimes remain unused, especially in rural areas.

Reforms in the education system
The necessary reform is to expand the information and research base of education in Pakistan.Effective management and administration of the education system depends on the quality of the information system. Without reliable information,decision-makers cannot improve education policy and programs at the national,district and school levels.

One way of collecting reliable information about the state of education is to conduct standardized testing that measures student performance against national curriculum goals. These can be used to compare learning achievement across schools, districts and regions over time.

There is also a need for better research. Pakistan currently has one institution that conducts research on educational issues, the Academy of Educational Planning and Management, which conducts research on basic education. However, its abilities are hampered by inadequate funds, no institutionalized basis for collecting, processing and analyzing data, no technical support staff and little influence in policy making.
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Jennifer.lara
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Pakistan should improve its education system because it is the key to success.
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ferladen
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Interesting. Education System must be improved to produce a productive and competent professionals that can help improve the economy.
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Youth
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There is an urgent need to resolve the underlying issues of education in Pakistan. I've been emphasizing that the super powers of today are built on the strong foundations of education rather than military power. If the country is to stride forward and gain economic stability, then critical attention needs to be paid to the current education infra-structure in the country.
The major problems in the education system are education standard, regional disparities, financial inequalities, gender discrimination, technical education, low allocation of budget, quality of teaching and poverty.
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We need to improve the quality of education in our country
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Kofi
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If by quality education you mean teaching people more about religion then forget it my friend. If on the other hand you meant teach people nothing but the truth then I say good luck with that. The owners of the world do not want people to be smart. By "owners" I mean the very few wicked people who control the world from all corners.
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this is very very nice and wonderful post.
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